There are several procedures available for quality dental restoration, or reestablishing tooth integrity using different types of materials for tooth structure. Metals like titanium and gold are commonly used. Titanium or a titanium alloy is the preferred choice because it is biocompatible and is able to work synergistically with bone.
Composite resins, also known as composite fillings, are made up of glass and plastic and are used to restore any decayed teeth that you might have. When used, they can change the color of your teeth or correct any misshapen teeth you might have. With composite fillings, dentist can create the perfect shade to match your other teeth.
Crowns are a more extensive type of dental restoration where a cap or “crown” completely surrounds or covers a damaged tooth, usually due to a large cavity that endangers the health of the tooth. Crowns are fastened to teeth using dental cement and can be made from quite a few different materials..
A dental implant is an artificial root designed to hold an artificial tooth. A synthetic titanium device is implanted in the bone of the jaw, and will then act as the foundation, or root of further dental restoration. Implants are typically designed to support bridges, dentures and other synthetic dental appliances.
Dentures are known as false teeth. They are specifically designed as a prosthetic device to replace missing teeth. Teeth can be severely damaged or lost due to dental disease as time goes on. Conventional dentures are designed to be removable. There are also designs available that are secured using dental adhesive.
Partial dentures are prosthetic dental appliances that substitute missing teeth, and are usually connected to a plastic base that matches the colors of the gums, so as to look natural. The entire assembly is connected to metal framework. While some natural teeth remain, partial dentures are a much more practical option than complete dentures.
A fixed bridge “bridges” the gap between missing teeth, sometimes using existing teeth as an anchor. False teeth are constructed out of many different materials, and permanently affixed using dental cement. Implants can also be used to anchor false teeth in place, and can help speaking and smiling.
An inlay restoration is more of an indirect restoration in dentistry. It involves taking either a metal or composite substance, and filling a cavity with it. The substance is then cemented into place. This entails the filling being custom made by a dental professional and fitted into the particular cavity in the tooth.
An onlay restoration entails the same variable materials and the same process as an inlay restoration, but an onlay restoration involves the cusps of some of the teeth in the mouth. In mammalian and other animal teeth, a cusp refers to the raised points on the teeth that are used for piercing and skewering food.
Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is an option when tooth decay has killed the tooth, or is severely threatening the health of a tooth. When this occurs, the “pulp” of a tooth are professionally removed with dental equipment, and replaced. This stops the spread of infection and can relieve the associated pain.